Openness to Experience describes a dimension of personality that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people.


Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses. It distinguishes flexible but sometimes disorganised people from more organised but sometimes perfectionist or pedantic people.


Extraversion (also extroversion) is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world, versus being comfortable with your own company.


Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. It distinguishes people who prefer competition versus those who prefer co-operation.


Neuroticism, also known inversely as Emotional Stability, refers to the tendency to experience negative emotions. It distinguishes people who generally feel relaxed but at extremes be described as "emotionally flat" from those who are more in touch with their emotions but consequently sometimes feel stressed and anxious.

Extraversion vs. Introversion

People with a preference for Extraversion draw energy from action: they tend to act, then reflect, then act further. If they are inactive, their level of energy and motivation tends to decline. Conversely, those whose preference is Introversion become less energized as they act: they prefer to reflect, then act, then reflect again. People with Introversion preferences need time out to reflect in order to rebuild energy. The Introvert's flow is directed inward toward concepts and ideas and the Extravert's is directed outward towards people and objects. There are several contrasting characteristics between Extraverts and Introverts: Extraverts desire breadth and are action-oriented, while introverts seek depth and are thought-oriented.

Intuition vs. Sensing

Sensing and iNtuition are the information-gathering (Perceiving) functions. They describe how new information is understood and interpreted. Individuals who prefer Sensing are more likely to trust information that is in the present, tangible and concrete: that is, information that can be understood by the five senses. They tend to distrust hunches that seem to come out of nowhere. They prefer to look for details and facts. For them, the meaning is in the data. On the other hand, those who prefer iNtuition tend to trust information that is more abstract or theoretical, that can be associated with other information (either remembered or discovered by seeking a wider context or pattern). They may be more interested in future possibilities. They tend to trust those flashes of insight that seem to bubble up from the unconscious mind. The meaning is in how the data relates to the pattern or theory.

Thinking vs. Feeling

hinking and Feeling are the decision-making (Judging) functions. The Thinking and Feeling functions are both used to make rational decisions, based on the data received from their information-gathering functions (Sensing or iNtuition). Those who prefer Feeling tend to come to decisions by associating or empathizing with the situation, looking at it 'from the inside' and weighing the situation to achieve, on balance, the greatest harmony, consensus and fit, considering the needs of the people involved. Those who prefer Thinking tend to decide things from a more detached standpoint, measuring the decision by what seems reasonable, logical, causal, consistent and matching a given set of rules.

Judging vs. Perceiving

Types with a preference for Judging show the world their preferred Judging function (Thinking vs. Feeling). So TJ types tend to appear to the world as logical, and FJ types as empathetic. Judging types prefer to have matters settled. Those types ending in P show the world their preferred Perceiving function (Sensing vs. iNtuition). So SP types tend to appear to the world as concrete and NP types as abstract. Perceiving types prefer to keep decisions open.

What the Raw Percentage means

This is your raw score out of 100. Scores higher than 50 percent are not necessarily above average. Your raw percentages are compared to other users' raw percentages, and then the comparative percentiles are given in the description below.